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Rehabilitation Process


Being committed to ensuring that inmates are in safe and secure custody, we are also committed to support them in their efforts to change and become responsible citizens. We believe that by rehabilitating our inmates, society can continue to be safe even when these offenders leave prison. 

The journey of an inmate to become a responsible citizen begins the moment he comes under our custody. Under a rigorous regime, we hope to help our inmates unlock their potential to become responsible citizens upon their release from prison.


The provision of rehabilitation and reintegration programmes is guided by the Rehabilitation Framework. The Rehabilitation Framework provides a structure for the delivery of rehabilitation efforts to inmates. Within the framework, the rehabilitation process is divided into three main components:

  • In-care

  • Halfway-care

  • Aftercare

In addition, there should be seamless transition from In-care, Halfway-care (if applicable) to Aftercare for inmates, in order to achieve seamless throughcare rehabilitation and to facilitate reintegration of offenders into the community upon their release.


In-care refers to the period of inmates’ incarceration or detention that is served out physically in a prison, Reformative Training Centre or Drug Rehabilitation Centre of the Singapore Prison Service.

In-care comprises the following four phases: 


All inmates enter the prison system at the Admission Phase. During the Admission Phase, inmates will be classified according to their security risks and rehabilitation needs. A Personal Route Map (PRM) will be charted for each inmate, according to his individual needs and risks. The PRM will record inmates’ progress in the programmes that they require or have gone through during their incarceration or detention.


During the Deterrence Phase, minimal programmes are given to inmates, so that they may experience the rigours of incarceration for deterrence effect, and it will allow them time to adapt to their incarceration or detention, reflect on their past actions and prepare for their treatment phase.


During the Treatment Phase, inmates are allocated programmes according to the needs and risks identified through their PRM. Programme allocation is based on programme availability and priority. 


During the Pre-Release Phase, inmates are allocated programmes that prepare them for reintegration into the community upon their release. Aftercare arrangements will be made for those who request for it.

Halfway care

Halfway-care refers to the period near the end of inmates’ incarceration or detention, where inmates, if found suitable, may be selected to undergo halfway-care programmes and serve their remaining sentences or detention orders in the community.

Such Community Based Programmes (CBP) may include Home Detention schemes or emplacement at a Halfway House. Inmates are generally required to work or pursue their academic studies during this period.

This period provides inmates with opportunities for a gradual reintegration into the community, thereby forming the vital bridge between institutionalisation and full freedom.


The Aftercare Phase refers to the specified period subsequent to inmates’ release from the custody of the Singapore Prison Service.

During this period, ex-inmates will be provided with support to reintegrate to the community. The necessary follow-ups are carried out by the relevant Voluntary Welfare Organisations or/and other external agencies.

Some of the ex-inmates (eg. ex-drug abusers, ex-Criminal Law Detainees) may also be emplaced on statutory supervision by officers from other law enforcement agencies for a specified period. 

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Last Updated/Reviewed on 04 May 2018